Xu Chang University,
In aluminum alloy droplet deposition manufacture，thermal warping，layering and hot cracking of formed 3D components are the most common defects, which have been found to be associated with the larger temperature gradient and thermal stress concentraction. To obtain insight into the common defects formation mechanism in metal micro-droplet deposition manufacture, a 3D transient finite element (FE) simulation model has been developed by using the APDL(ANSYS) code and element brith-death technique. The distribution and variation of time-dependent temperature and thermal stress fields were predicted and the thermo-mechanical behaviors were analyzed in fabricating aluminum alloy 3D components. And then, a series of deposition experiments were conducted using 7075Al alloy droplets under the setting process parameters(Same to the simulation initial and boundary conditions). The experimental results show that the experimental results basically agree with the simulation results of thermo-mechanical behaviors. The reliability and correctness of the simulation model were verified experimentally by the measured temperature field and the observation of thermal deformation and hot cracking of formed 3D component. The work provides an useful theoretical and experimental guide for optimizing metal droplets deposition manufacture.
晁艳普.铝合金微滴打印沉积制造中热应力3D动态仿真分析研究[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2016,45(8):1924~1930.[chaoyanpu. A 3D dynamic simulation analysis of thermal-mechanical coupled duriduring Aluminum Alloy micro-droplet deposition manufacture[J]. Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2016,45(8):1924~1930.]