吴文浩,张海军.疏水亲油材料研究进展[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2021,50(4):1471~1481.[Wu WenHao,Zhang Haijun.Progress in Hydrophobic-Oleophilic Materials[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(4):1471~1481.]
疏水亲油材料研究进展
投稿时间:2020-03-21  修订日期:2020-04-23
中文关键词:  疏水亲油  零维疏水粉体/一维纤维材料  二维疏水网/织布材料  三维疏水多孔材料
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51872210,51672194),湖北省教育厅高等学校优秀中青年科技创新团队计划(T201602),湖北自然科学基金创新群体项目(2017CFA004)。
中文摘要:
      疏水亲油材料是解决频繁发生原油泄漏事故的关键,如何提高其油水分离效率已成为亟待解决的问题。自然界中,一些植物、昆虫和动物的身上就具有可以使其在自然环境中更好的生存的超疏水结构。受到自然界中超疏水现象的启发,开发具有超疏水性能的油水分离材料引起了广泛的关注。目前常用于油水分离的材料主要可分为零维疏水粉体/一维纤维材料、二维疏水网/织布材料和三维疏水多孔材料。本文着重综述了近年来这三种疏水亲油材料的制备及其对有机物的吸附性能,并对其未来的发展进行了展望。
Progress in Hydrophobic-Oleophilic Materials
英文关键词:Hydrophobic-oleophilic  zero-dimensional hydrophobic powders/one-dimensional fibers  two-dimensional hydrophobic meshs/fabrics  three-dimensional hydrophobic porous materials.
英文摘要:
      The sorbents with hydrophobic-oleophilicity were the key to solve the problem of oil spills/leakages occurring globally, and it had become an urgent problem on improving the efficiency of oil-water separation. In nature, some plants, insects and animals were survived in the natural environment by super-hydrophobic structures. And enlighten from nature, the super-hydrophobic materials have attracted tremendous attention as application of oil-water separation. At present, zero-dimensional hydrophobic powder/one-dimensional fibers, two-dimensional hydrophobic meshs/fabrics and three-dimensional hydrophobic porous materials were most commonly used for oil/water separation. This paper mainly summarizes the recent researches on the preparation of hydrophobic-oleophilic materials. And finally, the prospects for future investigations of hydrophobic-oleophilic materials are proposed.
作者单位E-mail
吴文浩 武汉科技大学省部共建耐火材料与冶金国家重点实验室 湖北 武汉 wuwenhao5420@163.com 
张海军 武汉科技大学省部共建耐火材料与冶金国家重点实验室 湖北 武汉 zhanghaijun@wust.edu.cn 
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