李安金.湿法冶金结合喷雾干燥-热解工艺纯化和控制钨颗粒[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2021,50(4):1241~1246.[Anjin Li.Purification and particulate controllable of tungsten particles by hydrometallurgy combined with spray drying-pyrolysis process[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(4):1241~1246.]
湿法冶金结合喷雾干燥-热解工艺纯化和控制钨颗粒
投稿时间:2020-04-09  修订日期:2020-07-01
中文关键词:  高纯度  分散性良好  微球形  溶液浓度  热解机理
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51864022);陕西省重点研发项目(2019GY-193);云南省科技项目重大专项基金(2018ZE001)
中文摘要:
      钨因其独特的物理化学性能而被广泛的应用于半导体和高温材料。本文依次采用离子交换、溶剂萃取、重结晶、喷雾干燥和煅烧还原的方法对钨酸铵进行处理,成功制备出高纯、分散性好的微米级球形钨粉。其中,利用湿法冶金去除原料中的杂质金属,喷雾干燥和煅烧还原过程控制最终钨粉形貌结构和粒径分布。本文研究了喷雾干燥过程中溶液浓度对雾化粉末形貌的影响规律,并揭示了雾化粉末分解还原过程中的机理。该方法制备出的钨粉纯度高于99.995wt%,平均尺寸约为1.5um。本研究中的湿法冶金和粉末技术可用于合成其他具有高性能要求的金属粉末。
Purification and particulate controllable of tungsten particles by hydrometallurgy combined with spray drying-pyrolysis process
英文关键词:high-purity  well-dispersed  micro-spherical  solution concentration  pyrolysed mechanism
英文摘要:
      Tungsten is widely used as semiconductor and high-temperature materials. In this study, high-purity well-dispersed micro-spherical W particles were synthesized from commercial ammonium paratungstate [(NH4)10[H2W12O42].nH2O] sequential by ion exchange, extraction, re-crystallization, spraying dry and pyrolysis processes. Impurities in the starting ammonium paratungstate were eliminated by the hydrometallurgy treatments. The morphology and size of as-synthesized W particles were controlled by the spraying dry-pyrolysis treatments. The influences of solution concentration in spraying dry on the morphology of (NH4)10[H2W12O42] particles were investigated. The pyrolysed mechanism of as-spraying dried (NH4)10[H2W12O42] particles transformed to as-synthesized W particles was revealed. The purity of as-fabricated tungsten powder is higher than 99.995 wt%, and the average size is about 1.5 μm. It should be noted that the hydrometallurgy and powder technology in this study can be applied to synthesize other metal particles with high-performance requirements.
作者单位E-mail
李安金 昆明贵金属研究所 422309642@qq.com 
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