宗学文,张健,刘文杰.选取激光熔化成形Hastelloy X合金有限元模拟及组织性能的各向异性[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2021,50(4):1304~1310.[zongxuewen,zhangjian,liuwenjie.Selection of laser melting forming Hastelloy X alloy finite element simulation and anisotropy of microstructure and properties[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(4):1304~1310.]
选取激光熔化成形Hastelloy X合金有限元模拟及组织性能的各向异性
投稿时间:2020-05-11  修订日期:2020-06-30
中文关键词:  激光选区熔化  锻造  Hastelloy X合金  微观组织  力学性能
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目),国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)
中文摘要:
      基于选区激光熔化(SLM)制备Hastelloy X合金的成形原理,通过Fortran语言编写DLUX子程序加载高斯光源,采用有限元分析软件ABAQUS对有限元模型的瞬态温度场和冷却速度进行数值模拟,并用试验对分析结果进行验证。研究了粉末颗粒与高斯光源在成形时的热传递、熔化、金属液流动及凝固过程,结果表明:Hastelloy X合金的微观组织中纵截面呈现鱼鳞状等轴晶,横截面呈现羽毛状柱状晶。SLM成形产生了很大的温度梯度,是一个高冷却速度非平衡动态过程,平均冷速为3.02×106℃/s,在高冷速、细晶强化作用下纵横截面的抗拉强度分别达到了锻造的97%和89%,屈服强度远优于锻造工艺,纵截面呈现高强塑匹配性能,满足了工业行业标准需求。
Selection of laser melting forming Hastelloy X alloy finite element simulation and anisotropy of microstructure and properties
英文关键词:laser selective melting  forging  Hastelloy X alloy  microstructure  mechanical properties
英文摘要:
      Based on the forming principle of Hastelloy X alloy prepared by laser melting (SLM), the DLUX subroutine is written in Fortran language to load Gaussian light source, and finite element analysis software ABAQUS is used to numerically simulate the transient temperature field and cooling rate of finite element model, and the analysis results are verified by experiments. The heat transfer, melting, liquid metal flow and solidification process of powder particles and Gaussian light source during forming were studied. The results show that the microstructure of Hastelloy X alloy presents equiaxed crystal with fish scales in cross section and feathery columnar crystal in vertical section. SLM forming produces a large temperature gradient, which is a non-equilibrium dynamic process with high cooling rate. The average cooling rate is 3.02× 106℃/s. Under the effects of high cooling rate and fine grain strengthening, the tensile strength of vertical and cross sections reach 97% and 89% of that of forging, respectively. The yield strength is far better than that of forging process. The vertical section shows high-strength plastic matching performance, meeting the requirements of industry standards.
作者单位E-mail
宗学文 西安科技大学机械工程学院 zjvan@qq.com 
张健 西安科技大学机械工程学院 825208518@qq.com 
刘文杰 西安科技大学机械工程学院 zjvan@foxmail.com 
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